Epilepsy causes unpredictable seizures and can also lead to other health complications. Many people picture seizures as occurring within the context of epilepsy, but it is important to remember that not all seizures are caused by epilepsy. The purpose of this article is to provide a basic understanding of epilepsy, what causes it, and how to manage it.
- A minimum of two unprovoked (or reflex) seizures occur greater than 24 hours apart.
- One unprovoked (or reflex) seizure and a likelihood of further seizures with the general recurrence risk (at least 60%) after two unprovoked seizures over the next decade.
- Diagnosis of an epilepsy syndrome
- uncontrollable and recurrent seizures,
- episodes of altered consciousness, such as confusion, drowsiness, or loss of awareness,
- repetitive motor movements, including jerking of the limbs, unusual postures, chewing, or other repetitive movements,
- auras - sensory disturbances that warn of an impending seizure, such as a strange smell or an odd feeling in the body, and
- rarely, Loss of consciousness.
- Laboratory Testing
- Electroencephalogram (EEG) Monitoring
- Brain Scans
- Brain Surgery - may help control seizures if doctors determine that regions of the brain responsible for seizure activity are small enough in area and specialization to spare.
- Vagus Nerve Stimulator - is an electrophysiological device that works by stimulating the vagus nerve, and it's been used for years as a treatment for epilepsy. The vagus nerve is the longest of all cranial nerves, and when stimulated through this implant, it can reduce the severity of epileptic seizures.
- Responsive Neurostimulation (RNS) - are implanted devices that monitor seizures and deliver a small pulse or burst of stimulation to stop them.
- Some of the side effects of these medicines might include feeling tired or dizzy or experiencing other problems. Let your doctor know about any side effects you have so that together you can find a treatment that's suitable for you.
- The other possible side effects of taking these anti-seizure medicines may include a rash and a feeling of wanting to hurt yourself. If you have any of these problems, contact a doctor right away.
- The effectiveness of anti-seizure medications can be affected by other medications you're taking, so it's important to tell your doctor if you use any other medications.
- Notify your doctor about any new prescription or over-the-counter medications that you start taking. For example, birth control pills may not work well if taken together with your anti-seizure medication. This could lead to an unintended pregnancy.
- The frequency of your epileptic seizures varies, which will also influence how often you need to take your medications. But don't ever stop taking them, even if it's been a while since the last seizure, without consulting with your doctor first.
- If you live with epilepsy, you should wear a medical bracelet to let others know about your condition.
- As a person with epilepsy, you might have some specific instructions on how to help during your next seizure. It is important for you to have a member of your family know how to do the Seizure First Aid. You can also share these instructions with friends and family so that they know exactly what to do in these moments. For example, positioning yourself to prevent injury but not putting anything in your mouth. If you have a seizure that lasts more than five minutes, make sure they call for an ambulance (dial emergency 911).
An EEG is a test that measures the electricity happening in your brain. As a doctor may prescribe this laboratory test if he or she believes it is appropriate, you need to understand what you need to know about EEG. In this article, you will learn how electroencephalograms work as well as what you ought to do before you undergo one.